BMW 7_aya the E38 series from 1994 to 2002
1. Introduction
2. Governing bodies and methods of operation
3. Settings and routine maintenance of the car
3.1. General information
3.2. General information about settings and adjustments
3.3. Schedule of routine maintenance
3.4. Check of levels of liquids, control of leaks
3.5. Check of a state and replacement of hoses and tubes in a motive compartment, localization of leaks
3.6. Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
3.7. Clearing and replacement of the fuel filter
3.8. Check of the brake system and coupling
3.9. Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
3.10. Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
3.11. Check of a condition of protective covers of CV JOINTS of power shafts
3.12. Replacement of the AT gearbox oil
3.13. Replacement of brake fluid and pumping of the brake system
3.14. Replacement of spark plugs
3.15. Replacement of the saloon filter (system of ventilation)
3.16. Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element
3.17. Replacement of cooling liquid
3.18. Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
3.19. Check of a condition of the battery and care of it
3.20. Check of a condition of a belt of the drive of auxiliary units
3.21. Check of a condition of brushes of screen wipers and adjustment of nozzles of washers
3.22. Replacement of oil of the main transfer
3.23. Check of thickness of the conducted clutch plate
4. Engine
5. Cooling systems of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
6. A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
7. Systems of electric equipment of the engine
8. Manual box of gear shifting and coupling
9. Automatic transmission
10. Cardan and power shafts, reducer, differential and stupichny assemblies
11. Brake system
12. Suspension bracket and steering
13. Body
14. Onboard electric equipment
15. Schemes of electric equipment



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3.6. Replacement of motive oil and oil filter

The long contact of skin with the fulfilled motive oil is quite dangerous. Use protective cream or put on rubber gloves during the procedures described below.

Frequent replacement of motive oil is the main preventive procedure of service, to the available amateur mechanic. Eventually oil is subject to fluidifying and pollution that leads to premature wear of the engine.

Sinking of motive oil

Motive oil can be pumped out by means of the probe through the directing probe tube.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Warm up the engine up to the working temperature of cooling liquid.
  2. The car also establish to Poddomkratta it on props, or tire out on a viewing hole.
  3. Uncover a jellied mouth. Open the screw-driver with crosswise shliyets a cover in the lower guard of a motive compartment under the pallet of a case and substitute under a drain stopper the capacity of suitable volume for collecting the fulfilled oil.
The lower guard of a motive compartment under the case pallet
  1. Turn out a drain stopper from the case pallet and let's oil flow down completely.
Drain stopper of M60, M62, M73 engines
Drain stopper of M52, M52TU engines

Do not burn a hand with the warmed following oil!

  1. Check a condition of the fulfilled oil. If in it there are at a large number metal shavings and products of wear, it indicates existence of zadir, for example, in bearings of a bent shaft and conrod bearings. For an exception of damages after the made repairs it is necessary to clear carefully oil channels and hoses, and also, at the corresponding complete set, to replace the oil cooler.
  2. Clear a drain stopper and screw it with a new sealing ring in the case pallet. Tighten a drain stopper with the required effort (see Specifications).

Replacement of an oil filter

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. On engines on which the case of an oil filter is closed by a cover with the central bolt turn out the central bolt of a cover of an oil filter and uncover together with a bolt; on models with a carving cover turn out it.
Central bolt of a cover of an oil filter
  1. Let's oil flow down from the case of the filter and take the filtering element then wipe the flowed-out oil.
  2. Establish the new filtering element, observing the instructions given on it.
  3. Clear a cover of an oil filter and replace consolidations on the central bolt and/or a cover, previously having oiled consolidations by motive.
Consolidations of a bolt and cover of an oil filter
  1. On models with the central bolt press them a cover and, having made sure that the bolt entered an opening in the filter bottom, tighten it with the required effort. On models with a screw cover tighten it with the required effort.

Filling of the engine with oil

When replacing it is necessary to use oil of identical type and, whenever possible, identical brand. It is for this purpose recommended to fix at each replacement of oil on the engine a label with the indication of brand and viscosity of oil. Motive oils of identical type and identical brands, but different viscosity can fill in during appropriate time of year. Before gas station of oil of other brand the lubrication system should be washed out.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Fill motive oil (see the Section Check of Levels of Liquids, control of leaks) about an at half of liter less, than it is specified in Specifications.
  2. Start the engine and let's it work idling, checking existence of leak of motive oil meanwhile. Pay special attention to the filter and a drain stopper.
  3. Wait for 5 minutes, then check the level of oil and if necessary modify it.
  4. Make a trial trip on the car and again check a drain stopper and an oil filter for leaks. If necessary, slightly bring up them. Double-check oil level, if necessary modify it.


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3.5. Check of a state and replacement of hoses and tubes in a motive compartment, localization of leaks
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3.7. Clearing and replacement of the fuel filter