BMW 7_aya the E38 series from 1994 to 2002
1. Introduction
2. Governing bodies and methods of operation
3. Settings and routine maintenance of the car
3.1. General information
3.2. General information about settings and adjustments
3.3. Schedule of routine maintenance
3.4. Check of levels of liquids, control of leaks
3.5. Check of a state and replacement of hoses and tubes in a motive compartment, localization of leaks
3.6. Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
3.7. Clearing and replacement of the fuel filter
3.8. Check of the brake system and coupling
3.9. Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
3.10. Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
3.11. Check of a condition of protective covers of CV JOINTS of power shafts
3.12. Replacement of the AT gearbox oil
3.13. Replacement of brake fluid and pumping of the brake system
3.14. Replacement of spark plugs
3.15. Replacement of the saloon filter (system of ventilation)
3.16. Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element
3.17. Replacement of cooling liquid
3.18. Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
3.19. Check of a condition of the battery and care of it
3.20. Check of a condition of a belt of the drive of auxiliary units
3.21. Check of a condition of brushes of screen wipers and adjustment of nozzles of washers
3.22. Replacement of oil of the main transfer
3.23. Check of thickness of the conducted clutch plate
4. Engine
5. Cooling systems of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
6. A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
7. Systems of electric equipment of the engine
8. Manual box of gear shifting and coupling
9. Automatic transmission
10. Cardan and power shafts, reducer, differential and stupichny assemblies
11. Brake system
12. Suspension bracket and steering
13. Body
14. Onboard electric equipment
15. Schemes of electric equipment



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3.1. General information

The purpose to help the owner of the car to support the vehicle in a condition of the maximum readiness for operation, receiving from it effective return with observance of requirements to profitability and safety.

The schedule of routine maintenance of the car is provided in the Section Schedule of Routine Maintenance. Below the sections devoted to a detailed statement of an order of performance of each of procedures of service separately are offered. Descriptions of visual checks, adjustments, procedures of removal and installation of components, and also various useful tips and recommendations are included.

See illustrations Components of a motive compartment of models with the M52 engine, Components of a motive compartment of models with the M51 engine, Components of a motive compartment of models with the M62 engine of a motive compartment to deal with placement on the car of the components which are subject to service.

Serving the car according to the stipulated schedule, and following the recommendations given below, the reader will receive the accurate action program which implementation will provide long duration and reliability of service of its car. Remember that this program is made on a complex basis and implementation only of its separate points with neglect others will not result in desirable result.

Do not forget as well that at severe conditions of operation as, for example, at primary operation of the car in a city cycle, frequent movements in the mountain area, towage of the trailer or the movement in the conditions of the increased dust content maintenance should be carried out more often.

In the course of service of the car the reader will be convinced that many procedures can, and have to be united in the general groups in view of similarity of the nature or proximity of an arrangement of knots. For example, if the car for any reason is lifted above the ground, it is necessary to take an opportunity and at the same time to check a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases, a suspension bracket and steering. Also, having hired a dynamometer key, check effort of tightening of all available carving fixture. Making rotation of wheels, at the same time estimate a condition of brake mechanisms and wheel bearings.

The first step at service of the vehicle is always self-training of the performer.

Attentively get acquainted with material of the present chapter, then make the list of the components needing attention, prepare the necessary tool and outline the short plan of the forthcoming works.

In case of emergence resistant to solution of problems ask for the help specialists of car service.


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3. Settings and routine maintenance of the car
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3.2. General information about settings and adjustments