BMW 7_aya the E38 series from 1994 to 2002
1. Introduction
2. Governing bodies and methods of operation
3. Settings and routine maintenance of the car
3.1. General information
3.2. General information about settings and adjustments
3.3. Schedule of routine maintenance
3.4. Check of levels of liquids, control of leaks
3.5. Check of a state and replacement of hoses and tubes in a motive compartment, localization of leaks
3.6. Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
3.7. Clearing and replacement of the fuel filter
3.8. Check of the brake system and coupling
3.9. Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
3.10. Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
3.11. Check of a condition of protective covers of CV JOINTS of power shafts
3.12. Replacement of the AT gearbox oil
3.13. Replacement of brake fluid and pumping of the brake system
3.14. Replacement of spark plugs
3.15. Replacement of the saloon filter (system of ventilation)
3.16. Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element
3.17. Replacement of cooling liquid
3.18. Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
3.19. Check of a condition of the battery and care of it
3.20. Check of a condition of a belt of the drive of auxiliary units
3.21. Check of a condition of brushes of screen wipers and adjustment of nozzles of washers
3.22. Replacement of oil of the main transfer
3.23. Check of thickness of the conducted clutch plate
4. Engine
5. Cooling systems of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
6. A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
7. Systems of electric equipment of the engine
8. Manual box of gear shifting and coupling
9. Automatic transmission
10. Cardan and power shafts, reducer, differential and stupichny assemblies
11. Brake system
12. Suspension bracket and steering
13. Body
14. Onboard electric equipment
15. Schemes of electric equipment



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3.2. General information about settings and adjustments

"Settings" are meant as not separately taken procedure of correction of the car, any of parameters of systems, and the whole complex of the adjustments allowing to achieve maximum efficiency of return of the engine.

If the owner of the new car from the date of its acquisition strictly adhered to the schedule of procedures of routine maintenance (see the Section Schedule of Routine Maintenance), rather often carried out checks of critical parameters, supported the required level of lubricant liquids, the engine will need extremely seldom performance of additional service and recovery repair (over replacement subject to the increased wear of components and expendables).

On the other hand, in case of the negligent relation to performing procedures of regular maintenance and violation of established periods of conducting checks, efficiency of return of the engine will surely decrease sooner or later. The probability of emergence of such situation in case of acquisition of the car which was in the use is especially high. In such cases there is a need for performance of a complex of settings of the power unit over amount of works on routine maintenance of the car.

The first step at control or diagnostics of malfunctions working with the lowered return of the engine always is check of compression pressure in cylinders (see the Head Dvigatel) which analysis of results allows to estimate the general condition of internal components of the engine and to draw up the plan of the forthcoming adjusting and/or recovery work. For example, if check of compression pressure revealed signs of serious internal wear of the engine, there will be not enough usual complex of settings to correct a situation, and its carrying out will be waste of time and means. In view of the value of information obtained as a result of check of compression pressure, its performance should be charged to rather skilled and qualified mechanic having necessary diagnostic units.

Lists of the main adjusting procedures allowing to achieve maximum efficiency of return from the engine which is in a working mechanical order are given below.

List of the minimum complex of checks and adjustments


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3.1. General information
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3.3. Schedule of routine maintenance